FAQs

Why protein?

Second most plentiful substance in the human body next to water.
Protein is the major building block in the creation and maintenance of muscle, blood, hair, skin, nails, internal organs and the brain. During digestion, the larger protein molecules are converted to simpler amino acids.

The body requires 22 amino acids to make human protein.
The body itself can produce 14 of the 22 amino acids with the remaining 8 that must be supplied by diet. The 8 amino acids that the body cannot create are called ‘essential amino acids’. For our bodies to correctly process protein we must have all 22 amino acids present. Foods that contain all essential 8 amino acids are termed ‘complete proteins’.

Judy Lindberg McFarland

What are the types of protein?

Milk, eggs, cheese, meat, fish, poultry, grains and legumes, and plant proteins.

What is the daily protein requirement?

0.8g/kg of body weight and more for special needs. For example, a bodybuilder may consume as much as 300g of protein daily. Please consult your Doctor or Healthcare professional for guidance. If you are a beginner, please ensure that you know your individual needs and goals before you start supplementing. Your Doctor or Healthcare professional can assess your needs, and guide you on how to use protein for optimum health, fitness, and not waste money.

Peak performance does not require large amounts of protein. Instead, the quality of the protein, it's digestibility, assimilation, health benefits, and return for your dollar must be key considerations.

When is best to take protein?

Before, during or after training is suitable for protein supplementation. There are different schools of thinking on supplementing; for example fuel before training, top-up as your muscles catabolize during training, or re-fuel after training. Again, please consult your Doctor or Healthcare professional for guidance in supplementation.

What beverage is best for mixing protein?

Cold water is best for easy-absorption, hydration and alkalizing. Other liquids may alter bioavailability by adding carbohydrates, sugars, fats and other ingredients that may interact adversely.

What are Amino Acids?

Surely you have heard a thousand times the expression: Aminos or Amino Acid. But did you ever think what is behind that expression. When proteins are digested, or broken down, amino acids are left. Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins.

The precise amino acid content, and the sequence of those amino acids, of a specific protein, is determined by the sequence of the bases in the gene that encodes that protein. The chemical properties of the amino acids of proteins determine the biological activity of the protein. 

Amino acids have an influence on the function of organs, glands, tendons and arteries. A large scale of our cells, muscles and tissue is made up of amino acids, meaning they carry out some of the most important body functions, like determining cells structure. Beside playing a key role in the transport and the storage of nutrient, also they are furthermore essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, especially in the muscles, bones, skin and hair as well as for the removal of all kinds of waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism. Many doctors have now confirmed that a supply of amino acids (also by way of nutritional supplements) can have positive effects.

The importance of amino acids for human well-being is on the increase. By providing the body with optimal nutrition, amino acids help to replace what is lost and, in doing so, promote well-being and vitality. The amino-acid pool is solely responsible for achieving a balanced metabolism. The amino acid pool is considered to be the entire amount of available free amino acids in the human body. The size of the pool deviated, but it is believed to be around 120 to 130 grams in an adult male. If we consume protein in the diet, the protein in the gastro-intestinal tract is broken down into the individual amino acids and then put back together again as new protein. This process is called protein biosynthesis.

Our whole amino acid pool is transformed, or changed three to four times a day, meaning that the body has to be supplied with more amino acids, partly by protein biosynthesis, partly by the diet or through consumption of suitable dietary supplements. The objective is that the amino acid pool is complete and maintained in the correct combination. If the one or more amino acids are not available in sufficient quantities, the production of protein is smaller and the metabolism will only function in a limited way.

And for an athlete, that is never a good thing.  As a negative consequence of a limited supply of nutrients you can experience weight problems, hair loss, skin problems, sleep disorders, mood swings and/or erectile disorders but also arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular imbalance (high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure) or even menopausal complaints.

Reference:

Oteri, Scott. PLANTEIN: A VEGAN ATHLETE´S GUIDE - HOW TO COMBINE PLANT BASED FOODS TO REACH OPTIMUM PROTEIN NUTRITION (Kindle Locations 194-217). Scott Oteri. Kindle Edition.

Typical Amino Acid Profile: PlantFusion vs Whey Protein

Amino Acid per 21gPlantFusionWhey Protein
Alanine850mg1017mg
Arginine1670mg501mg
Aspartic Acid2110mg2233mg
Cysteine240mg521mg
Glutamic Acid3350mg3563mg
Glycine1000mg392mg
Histidine1070mg412mg
Isoleucine *◊1210mg1300mg
Leucine *◊1950mg2283mg
Lysine *1250mg1900mg
Methionine *270mg442mg
Phenylalanine *1050mg715mg
Proline870mg1166mg
Serine990mg997mg
Threonine *740mg1350mg
Tryptophan *190mg357mg
Tyrosine770mg635mg
Valine *◊1340mg1216mg
* Essential Amino Acid
◊ Branched Chain Amino Acid

Recent Articles